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Spine and scoliosis

Spine and scoliosis

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a condition of the spine where it grows in a curved fashion rather than straight. It most commonly occurs in otherwise healthy individuals during the adolescent growth spurt, but may also present in infants or younger children. Certain conditions are associated with scoliosis and may contribute to the development of spinal curvature as well. The physician will perform a thorough history, physical examination and obtain images to confirm the diagnosis and assess its severity. Treatment for scoliosis varies depending on the severity of the curvature and ranges from observation to bracing to surgical intervention.

Kyphosis

Kyphosis is a condition of the spine that results in more of a round back than normal. It typically presents in the adolescent age range and can be a source of back pain. The physician will perform a thorough history and physical examination to identify the reason for kyphosis and obtain images to confirm the diagnosis and assess its severity. Treatment ranges from observation and physical therapy to bracing to surgical intervention depending on the cause and severity of the kyphosis.

Spondylolysis

Spondylolysis (stress fracture alone) and spondylolisthesis (stress fracture with slight slippage of the vertebra) are common reasons for low back pain in adolescents. The physician will perform a thorough history and physical examination, obtain images to confirm the diagnosis and assess the severity of the stress fracture. Treatment options include observation, activity modification, bracing, physical therapy and surgery.

See our Scoliosis and Spine Care page for information on treatment options.