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Chest wall anomalies

Chest wall anomalies

Chest wall anomalies

Types of chest wall anomalies

The two most common types of the disorder, pectus excavatum (a caved-in sternum or funnel chest) and pectus carinatum (a protrusion of the chest wall or pigeon chest) result when the ribs and sternum develop in an unusual manner. Mild deformities are often not discovered by physicians unless children are referred for coincidental scoliosis. If not treated adequately, patients may experience shortness of breath, low endurance and frequent respiratory difficulties, which can have a significant impact on an infant’s ability to grow and develop normally.

The first clinic in Canada

The first of its kind in Canada, the chest wall anomalies clinic evaluates and treats children with congenital chest wall deformities. The multidisciplinary clinical team is composed of pediatric general surgeons, orthopaedic surgeons, pulmonologists, pediatricians, nurses, physiotherapists, medical imaging specialists and orthotists, with additional services as needed offered by plastic surgeons, cardiologists and geneticists from both Shriners Hospitals for Children — Canada and Montreal Children’s Hospital. The team provides state-of-the-art care for the entire range of chest wall anomalies in a family-centered environment focused on the medical and self-esteem issues that are typical with these conditions.

Chest wall treatment

Roughly one out of 1,500 children are affected by pectus carinatum. Historically, patients underwent a very invasive and painful surgery, which involved separating the sternum from the ribs. Thanks to Shriners Hospitals for Children — Canada working closely with Montreal Children`s Hospital, the team of doctors introduced an innovative bracing technique, which corrects most of the deformities without surgery.