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Spina bifida

Spina bifida

Spina bifida

Spina bifida is a defect from birth where there has been an incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes that surround the spinal cord. There are three main types of spina bifida, which are: spina bifida occulta, meningocele and myelomeningocele. Generally, the most common location is in the lower back; however, there are rare cases where it may be in the middle of the back or neck. The most common problems of spina bifida include the poor ability to walk, bladder and bowel problems, hydrocephalus, a tethered spinal cord and latex allergy.

There is no known cure for nerve damage caused by spina bifida and the standard method of treatment happens following birth. This surgery is mainly to prevent further damage from occurring, as well as preventing infections.