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Neuromuscular conditions

Neuromuscular conditions

Neuromuscular conditions are often complex and varying in degrees of severity. Shriners Healthcare for Children — Florida is committed to providing the highest quality of care to these children.

Muscular and neuromuscular conditions we treat

Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy, also known as encephalopathy, is a condition affecting muscle tone, movement and coordination. It is the most common disability that occurs before, during or immediately after the birth of children and is related to a lack of oxygen to the brain.

Nerve, muscular and connective tissue disorders

Charcot-Marie-Tooth is a group of disorders that affect the peripheral nerves that carry messages between the brain and muscles throughout the body. Treatment may include physical and occupational therapy, braces or splints. Surgery may be necessary for severe foot deformities.

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a group of inherited disorders that weaken connective tissues. Treatment may include medication and physical therapy. Although it is rarely necessary, surgery may be included in treatment of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

Marfan syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that affects the connective tissues. Abnormalities in the connective tissues will show themselves with the child having an abnormal enlargement of the aortic root of the heart; dislocated lenses of the eyes; a tall, lanky body with increased joint mobility; scoliosis; long, flat feet and long fingers. These conditions may vary among individuals diagnosed with this condition, even within a family.

Muscular dystrophy is a genetic and progressive disease that causes muscle fibers to weaken and break. Common treatments include physical therapy, medication and bracing of the limbs. Mobility aids such as a cane, walker or wheelchair may be needed. Surgery may be necessary for contractures and scoliosis.

Spina bifida, also known as myelomeningocele, is a congenital defect of the spine where the spinal cord and its meninges are exposed through a gap in the backbone. The initial care to address the exposed spinal cord and fluid on the brain is provided by a neurosurgeon at or near the time of birth. Orthopaedic evaluation and treatment for children with spina bifida begins after the neurosurgical intervention. Orthopaedic treatment for spina bifida includes physical therapy and occupational therapy, crutches and/or custom orthoses (braces) made in-house.

Spinal muscular atrophy is a group of disorders of the motor cells in the spinal cord and lower brainstem, which leads to muscle weakness and atrophy. This condition is typically inherited. Treatment for spinal muscular atrophy may include physical therapy, respiratory care, splints, spinal orthoses or surgery.

Tethered spinal cord is a neurological disorder caused by tissue attachments that limit the movement of the spinal cord in the spinal column. This condition is often seen in conjunction with spina bifida. Treatment for this condition is surgery.